The Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development

The Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development seeks to address the problems of persistent and concentrated urban poverty and is dedicated to understanding how social and economic changes affect low-income communities and their residents. Based in Cleveland, the Center views the city as both a tool for building communities and producing change locally, and as a representative urban center from which nationally-relevant research and policy implications can be drawn.
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CENTER NEWS

Study by Chupp and Joseph examines CWRU perceptions of East Cleveland

Aug 15 2014

Mark Chupp

While the community of East Cleveland frequently makes headlines in the local news, coverage of promising revitalization efforts that seek to build on the city’s proximity and partnerships with Case Western Reserve University and University Circle has been limited.

A study conducted last summer by Mandel School professors Mark Joseph (right) and Mark Chupp (left), with support from the provost’s office, sought to establish a baseline of these relations to help inform partnership efforts and generate data to track progress over time.

Mark Joseph

The study of the perceptions and engagement of the Case Western Reserve faculty, students and staff follows a prior survey conducted on the perceptions and connections of East Cleveland residents. The analysis is part of the East Cleveland Partnership, a long-term effort in which the school of social work works to support the revitalization of East Cleveland and facilitates university-community collaboration.

This past year, Chupp and his social work students conducted property assessments in East Cleveland as part of a “Target Area Planning” process conducted with the City of East Cleveland, Northeast Ohio Alliance for Hope and Cleveland Neighborhood Progress. The forthcoming plan identifies a strategy for redeveloping vacant land that capitalizes on the neighborhood’s proximity to University Circle.

The survey’s results

The survey, which received more than 2,000 responses, found that members of the campus community were quite split in how much they know about East Cleveland. Some respondents reported that they have some or considerable knowledge (42 percent), while others reported very little or no familiarity with the city (41 percent).

Perceptions of East Cleveland were also split: While almost half of respondents said they did not know enough to give an opinion on their perceptions of the suburb, those who did have a perspective were divided nearly evenly among positive, neutral and negative perceptions. While a quarter of the respondents said they have never been to East Cleveland, another roughly 25 percent report having visited in the last month, and 52 percent have visited within the last six months. The most positive perceptions related to a sense of community improvements occurring, while the most negative perceptions concerned safety.

There was low awareness about the assets of the community, with only 15 percent of respondents agreeing that East Cleveland has a number of assets that would appeal to community outsiders. Other survey respondents were more familiar with community amenities, and described their experiences with Christmas lighting at General Electric’s Nela Park, the Coit Road Farmer’s Market, the East Cleveland Theater and such community amenities as the rapid transit line, churches, the library and new apartments at Circle East.

“I have often walked and biked in Forest Hill Park, enjoying its beauty and the venerable trees,” stated one survey respondent.

The study found that those who had more experience with East Cleveland had more positive perceptions than those less familiar. In fact, respondents with direct engagement and connections in East Cleveland were three times as likely to feel welcome there and feel that they benefit personally from the university being close to the suburb.

Overall, there was a sense the university is quite disconnected from East Cleveland, especially relative to other surrounding neighborhoods. There was also a sense that the relationship between the university and East Cleveland isn’t mutually beneficial. Despite this perception, there were also many points of connection between the university and East Cleveland communities. A quarter of the respondents had some level of engagement in East Cleveland in the past year, such as visiting parks and public spaces, and dining at a restaurant.

Others described long-standing personal and family connections to the community: “I was born in East Cleveland; my mother worked at Huron Road Hospital in the 1970s. My grandparents lived in East Cleveland until the 1960s. My father-in-law worked at Nela Park,” one responded.

In general, the CWRU community actively engaged in the broader community, with 41 percent of respondents involved in some way (volunteer work, service or research) in the Cleveland area in the past year. About 16 percent also had some level of civic engagement specifically with East Cleveland in the past year. Survey respondents outlined a vast array of engagement activities in East Cleveland and surrounding Cleveland communities, ranging from CWRU sponsored activities like volunteer activities and research activities, to civic engagement activities with East Cleveland based organizations like town hall meetings and community planning efforts.

Conclusions

Chupp and Joseph conclude that, while a general lack of awareness and negative perceptions of East Cleveland exist, there is also a substantial proportion of CWRU faculty, staff and students with deep, meaningful and productive connections with the community.

“East Cleveland and Case Western benefit from a strong urban university that is productively connected to its surrounding neighborhoods, making it important to support and build on these positive existing relationships and efforts,” they said.

The Target Area Planning process received support from Third Federal Savings and Loan and the Third Federal Foundation. This plan is part of a longer redevelopment process underway in East Cleveland. Another round of perception surveys is planned to measure how attitudes about—and involvement in—East Cleveland have changed over time.

The full report, the previous report on the survey of East Cleveland residents and further information on the partnership between East Cleveland and the Mandel School is available at msass.case.edu/cleveland/community/eastcleveland.html.

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Will you run or will you rise?

Aug 12 2014

FEAR FlyerF.E.A.R. Cleveland: Face Everything and Rise, an interactive art installation that examines the relationships between violence, poverty and place, is free and open to all this Thursday, August 14, at 6pm in the lobby at the Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA).

Professor Mark Chupp, who directs the East Cleveland Partnership and is a faculty associate of the Poverty Center, will facilitate the interaction with an artwork installation created by Gadi Zamir of Negative Space Gallery & Studio.

This event is presented in conjunction with the MOCA summer exhibition, Someday is Now: The Art of Corita Kent. The evening will also feature live music on MOCA’s Toby Plaza by Uno Lady and WRUW DJ Katherine Koenig. They are appearing as part of Beat Uptown Cleveland, a summer series of Thursday night events hosted by MOCA, CWRU and the Cleveland Institute of Art with live music curated by the Beachland Ballroom, food trucks, and interactive art experiences.

For more information about F.E.A.R. Cleveland, contact Mandel School student Nina Holzer at nina.holzer@case.edu.

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Mandel School Faculty Receive $2.3 Million to Study Child Maltreatment

Jun 23 2014

NICHHD logoMandel School faculty Claudia Coulton and David Crampton, along with Case Western Reserve faculty colleagues Jill Korbin and Jim Spilsbury, received a $2.3 million grant last month from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to investigate how neighborhoods influence child maltreatment rates.

Led by principal investigator Jim Spilsbury, the team of researchers will study child maltreatment in 20 Cleveland neighborhoods, examining the role that neighborhood conditions, social service availability and use, and the maltreatment reporting process play in influencing child abuse and neglect rates. The investigators are partnering with Cuyahoga County’s Division of Children and Family Services to interview caseworkers assigned to the studied neighborhood. Residents will be interviewed, and census data, property records, social service reports and day care records will be analyzed. The study is a collaboration among the Mandel School, the College of Arts and Sciences and the School of Medicine at Case Western Reserve.

The research builds upon a National Center for Child Abuse and Neglect-funded study conducted in the mid-1990s by Coulton and Korbin, which found that Cleveland neighborhood rates of child maltreatment varied widely and that neighborhood conditions such as high childcare burden, concentrated poverty and residential instability had an impact on the presence or lack of child maltreatment.

To see the full grant announcement in The CWRU Daily, click here.

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